Argentina Areas

Surely, according to experts, the same situation should prevail in regard to freshwater fish, only in the Amazon basin have been identified 2000 distinct species, a fact unprecedented in the world. The diversity and richness of coastal ecosystems is also relevant in the continent. The longitudinal layout of it, with the consequent variation of temperatures and currents to which they are exposed, determines that in Latin America are located a great variety of coastal regions of great ecological and economic value. Thus, a large percentage of the world’s mangroves (coastal areas key development and reproduction of marine species, amphibians, birds and terrestrial) and coral reefs (ecosystems of high biodiversity and high vulnerability), are located in Latin American waters We Cruz Salazar adds that – the tropical rainforests of Mesoamerica and the Amazon basin, mangroves and coral reefs in the Caribbean and other tropical areas, mountain ecosystems of the Andes and coastal wetlands are among the most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change impacts. – Other effects include increased geographical distribution of carriers of infectious diseases caused or increased vulnerability of people with malaria, dengue, yellow fever and bubonic plague.

The loss of glaciers in Latin America is a particularly dramatic evidence of climate change: the Andes and Patagonia in Argentina are showing signs of retreating glaciers and reduced snow-covered areas. The loss of glaciers in the Andes and the intrusion of salt water for sea level rise will affect water availability and agricultural production and tourism. – The area is about information systems, monitoring and control, an ability to create initiatives and policy frameworks, institutional and limited technology to address climate change.

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